Personalization, pervasiveness, permanence

Psychologist Martin Seligman found that the three Ps can stunt recovery after the death of someone you love, the loss of a job or any other catastrophe.

• Personalization is the belief that we are at fault.
• Pervasiveness is the belief that an event will affect all areas of our life.
• Permanence is the belief that the aftershocks of the event will last forever.

Most likely, you are not at fault–or the fault belongs only partially to you. Most likely, the event will not affect all areas of your life. Most likely, the aftershocks will not last forever.

Sheryl Sandberg and Adam Grant talk about the three Ps in their book Option B—Facing Adversity, Building Resilience and Finding Joy.

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